Monnaie romaine
Strasbourg, Argentoratum, camp romain
 Under Neron


Argentorate under Neron time

Under Néron a new enclosure was built, bringing Strasbourg-Argentorate to its final size, in preparation for what was going to be this city : the key of a Rhenish passage, exposed to the invasions but also the noud of the exchanges between Gaulle and the conquered part of Germanie

The Legion
In 47 after J.C. a detachment of XXIe legion is in station (it is it which builds this new enclosure according to a town-planning leading to a structured roadway system). Before 70 it is a detachment of XIVe Gemina which is set up.
The military risings caused by the death of Néron had as a consequence the destruction by the fire of the military camps of the valley of the Rhine.

Little before this time the arrival IIème legion undoubtedly has triplet the population to go up to 18 000 inhabitants. The density of the ceramic marks stronger and the transfer of the cemetery towards the west to Koenigshoffen are there to prove it. The floods of 50/60 and sets fire to it of 70 brought back the city to the surrounding of 16 000 hearts.
The purpose of work of enlarging of Argentorate by the 21st legion also was to support, with the accesses of the city, the concentration in the new civil districts of a heterogeneous population and multiraciale.

Wine and life
The wine amphoras coming from Italy and of Gaulle Southerner are very numerous at the time of Claude and Néron  : the use of the wine is with its apogee. Dumoins that coming from Campanie and other traditional producing areas, since it is thought that after 70 the drunk wine with Argentorate came from Gaulle and was transported out of barrels.

Remainders of large shells of oyster the same period let imagine the dinners which the officers in the restaurants found under the Kléber place or in their mess could offer (localised of with dimensions of the burned street)  !

The "foie gras" of goose
Since old times, the Greeks and the Romans used the goose livers to make dishes. In year 52 before our era, the consul Metellus Pius Scipio, brother-in-law of Pumped, made to gaver geese in the darkness with figs in order to obtain foie gras. Under Néron times, the foie gras was also in honor on the tables.

There remains to us this time a bust applies of Dyonisos. Of narbonnaise influence it is carried out in a style baroque  : the exuberant and complicated hairstyle is opposed to a realistic and simple figure and one draped dry.

Lane Medard Saint  : the floods, caused by the significant ones believed of the Rhine of the time (60 after JC), filled the ditch of the camp which was then embanked to build quarters out of wooden there.
- Place Pierre Saint the Young person  : a district inhabited at the beginning of the 1 er century is transformed into this period of believed by a marsh.
Place of the cathedral  : it was found that at that time a monumental input was arranged as well as a passage towards the Praetorian way. These constructions were to allow the admission of civil inside the camp.
- Broglie Place of the excavations carried out in the years 1970 showed that it is at the time of Néron that XXIe legion carried out the construction of a new enclosure which will be largest of the Roman time.
These platforms inside the castrum, out of stones, discovered and described by E.Kern
  formed part of the defensive system built at the time néronienne. Ground liftings were between these platforms.
Quay Lezay Marnésia  : a rampart préflavien is found.
Place Etienne Saint  : is discovered a double interior track with the camp (via sagularis)
Kléber Place  : after the floods of 50/60 the ground is embanked, of the dwellings are built and the district is organized in streets under stratigraphic Néron.(niveau of the time   made up of gravel and bois:137,05m with 137,55m according to Cl work's Schaeffer 1920)
- Street of garlic  : discovered of a wearing of river in activity at that time then embanked and being used as dump with a workshop of potters of VIIIème legion at the end of Ier century.

The Rhine
It is clear that this large river with the brutal risings was one of the strategic elements which guided the establishment of Argentorate but it is proven that commercial and military navigation was also done on the rivers  : Ill, Beetle, channels and arm of this tangle which were to be the inland waterways.
Moreover during the time which followed one found a dedication with the Rhine Father and the existence of a schola of the nautes of the Rhine.

From a geological point of view it is it should be noted that at that time the ground water was definitely higher than currently.

The tombs of the time are mainly on named the well road of the Romans.

Assessment of Néron with Argentorate
The final enlarging of this camp, its integration of the civil populations and the quite Roman culture which existed there with the daily newspaper are to be put in parallel with the urbanistic ambitions, the attraction for the people and the way of life of Néron.